British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide
can be upright or ground crawling, and grows from
0.2 to 5 metres in height. Salal can be sparse
or form a dense barrier almost impossible to penetrate.
Salal spreads by suckering layer upon layer and
probably the most dominant shrub in the British
Columbia coastal forest area.
spoon shaped and pointed, 2 to 4 inches long
shiny dark green, leathery and tough
finely toothed edges
bell shaped hanging like necklace beads along
the end of the twigs; they all face downwards
pinkish or white
bloom from May to July
7-10 mm. long, can be larger at the end of the
branch (up to 15 mm.)
black, reddish-blue or dark purple 'berries'
6-10 mm. long; somewhat hairy
Salal grows from sea level to mid elevations.
Salal is found in coniferous coastal forests
and sometimes around Kootenay Lake in southeastern
the strong, flexible branches and stems of the
Salal plant are well designed to withstand the
wet heavy snows; they merely bend instead of
Salal berries have long been a major food source
for BC's native peoples.